Tag Archives: acne

Rosacea and skin redness

Facts about the condition:

  • Skin redness, which can also be Rosacea, is one of the most annoying skin problems, effecting more than 45 million people worldwide
  • Although redness can develop in people of any skin color, it generally occurs most frequently and is most apparent in people with fair skin
  • It typically starts after 30 years of age, is more common in women (particularly during menopause) but more severe in men
  • Left untreated, it can even cause deformities
  • Uneven skin redness usually appears on the face (forehead/nose/cheeks/chin) and usually begins with a tendency to flush and blush. This can progress to permanent redness and increased skin sensitivity
  • Redness can sometimes progresses to chest area

Main causes include:

  • Sun damage
  • Over sensitising skin
  • Hormonal or hereditary nature
  • Stress
  • Incorrectly prescribed or used skin care/ makeup or sensitivity to some of the ingredients in the products

 

Skin needs:

A combination of treatments and skincare that is suited to an individual’s pattern of skin redness. Focusing mainly on reducing inflammation, regulating blood vessel proliferation and trying to reduce trigger factors.

 

Dermal factors for skin redness include:

  • Salicylic Acid (Beta Hydroxy acid). Rosacea can often display skin bumps formed by a build up of keratin around the hair follicle. Salicylic acid has a keratolytic action, which functions by softening the build-up of dead skin (keratin). Salicylic acid clears the pores, helps with inflammation and increases the cellular turnover, making it a very useful treatment for skin conditions like rosacea, especially when there is an acne component
  • Vitamin A (retinol):  improving barrier function, reducing epidermal thickening, regulating exfoliation and helping control excess oil and acne eruptions. Vitamin A can improve erythema (redness) and is also known to improve the appearance of telangiectasia.
  • Niacinamide – Topical Vitamin B (niacinamide) can greatly diminish the blushing and flushing commonly associated with rosacea and skin redness. Topical niacinamide can improve the barrier function of the skin and decrease the redness associated with rosacea flare ups.
  • Vitamin K— decreases the pooling of blood under the skin commonly associated with telangiectasia, aka spider veins
  • Vitamin C— has been shown to strengthen the capillary walls, thereby decreasing the chances of further damage

 

 

Home Care

We recommend a separate routine for morning and evening, simply because your skin’s needs differ from day to night.

 

During the day, you want to focus on giving your skin protection from the sun and environmental abuse, whilst providing lightweight hydration under makeup

  1. Cleanse: MEDIK8 RedAlert Cleanse – contains Teprenone, Vitamin K1 and calming organic orange oil to soothe the skin, and cleanse deep within the pores removing impurities and make-up.
  2. Prevent: MEDIK8 Firewall – neutralizes a broad spectrum of free-radicals , and acts in unison with sunscreen to protect collagen and elastin, while supporting new collagen production. Also helps to prevent future sun damage
  3. Correct: MEDIK8 Redness Corrector – advanced neutralising cream formulated as a complete ‘anti-redness’ product with 6 targeted actions to instantly reduce redness, treat inflammation and prevent the appearance of future breakouts. Reduces the burning sensation and skin discomfort associated with redness, and prevents future reactions by reducing skin reactivity. The moisturizing and protecting formula also provides instant coverage as mineral green pigments counterbalance the red discolouration.
  4. Hydrate: MEDIK8 Hydr8B5 – this lightweight and easily-absorbed hydrating gel delivers skin-softening Pantotheic Acid (vitamin B5) and moisture-enhancing Hyaluronic Acid to produce rapid and significant improvements in the general condition and feel of the skin.
  5. SPF: O’COSMEDICS Mineral Pro – provides true broad spectrum protection, preventing skin damage as well as assisting skin healing and reducing inflammation
  6. Coverup/Camouflage:  Lycogel  / Oxygenetics – calm and soothe the skin whilst providing effective cover up

 

In the evening, your skin is at rest and in its “repair” mode, trying to heal the environmental damage that occurred during the day. You want to focus on calming, healing, removing surface dry skin cells and absorption of performance products.

  1. Cleanse: SIRCUIT X Trap – non-drying, mild cleansing agents restore balance, elasticity, and tone. Formulated with Organic Shea Butter to soften and smooth the skin and L-Alpha Bisabolol to calm, soothe, and help heal
  2. Heal: COSMEDIX Define – fortified with gentle, non-irritating acids and 2% AGP Complex, this resurfacing treatment stimulates collagen and elastin production for a dynamic yet well-tolerated level of skin remodeling.
  3. Correct: SKEYNDOR SOS Anti Redness – enriched with plant extracts helping to improve the appearance of rosacea and persistent redness, and provides freshness and immediate relief to the feeling of tightness and redness in sensitive skins.
  4. Hydrate: MEDIK8 Hydr8 Night – acked with superior anti-aging actives such as Resveratrol for cell longevity, and Beta-Glucan for skin texture renewal, Hyrd8 Night will help reverse the signs of skin aging and restore a healthy, radiant complexion.

 

Treatment Plan

Light based treatments such as Intense Pulsed Light (IPL ) are effective in treating the capillary blood vessels (telangiectasia) as well as reducing the appearance of redness in the skin. While there is no cure for rosacea, effective treatment options do exist and can be tailored to the symptoms and severity. It is important to recognize and avoid trigger factors

 

Q&A

What ingredients in skin care has to be avoided and what to look for?

When selecting a skin care product, pay close attention to the ingredients and avoid chemicals such as sodium lauryl sulfate, which can strip the epidermis of its natural oils. Inflamed skin calls for a gentle formula with a natural moisturizing factor, such as that which is found in chirally correct L-lactic acid, to effectively restore epidermal regularity. Similarly, toners and serums that contain hydrating ingredients like aloe vera and vitamin E will calm, soothe and support the skin, as well as mildly exfoliate dead skin cells.

In surveys conducted by the National Rosacea Society, many patients cited the following ingredients as triggers for irritation: alcohol (66 percent), witch hazel (30 percent), fragrance (30 percent), menthol (21 percent), peppermint (14 percent) and eucalyptus oil (13 percent). Most respondents said they avoided astringents, exfoliating agents and other types of products that may be too harsh for sensitive skin.

 

What are different types of rosacea?

There are 4 subtypes recognized by the US National Rosacea Society

1.       ERYTHEMATOTELANGIECTATIC ROSACEA: this type of rosacea is characterized by stinging and facial redness on the nose and cheeks. It may or may not be seen along with broken capillaries. These symptoms come and go depending on the individual’s trigger factors. Roughness, facial swelling and a grainy skin texture may also accompany the other symptoms

2.       PAPULOPUSTULAR ROSACEA: This type of rosacea resembles acne although it differs because there are no clogged pores or comedones on the skin. Larger than normal pimples occur mainly on the upper cheeks and nose along with intense redness. Stinging, burning and a dehydrated surface appearance may also occur

3.       PHYMATOUS ROSACEA: This type of rosacea shows up as thickened skin and enlargement of the nose (Rhinophyma) and other parts of the face. This type of rosacea is more often seen in men, although rosacea in general is found most often in women

4.       OCULAR ROSACEA: This type of rosacea occurs on the eyelids and in the eye resulting in swollen eyelids, lumps and cysts in the lids, bloodshot eyes and vision difficulty

Skin Whitening that actually works

Pigmentation Causes

Uneven pigmentation can make your skin look tired, dry and dull and blotchy. 2 main types of pigmentation or skin darkening are

  1. MELASMA. The exact cause is not known although the condition is associated with pregnancy and/or hormonal fluctuations. It often presents with symmetrically appearing patches on face that are dark brown in colour. Melasma (also known as chloasma) is not dangerous but quiet unsightly
  2. HYPER PIGMENTATION. Darkening of random areas is thought to be caused by excess melanin production in the skin. It’s associated with a number of health conditions, medications and allergic reactions. Excessive sun exposure can also lead to hyper pigmentation and will worsen with age
    .

Skin Color

Melanin is the pigment produced by melanocyte cells. Melanin comes in two kinds: pheomelanin (yellow to reddish tone) and eumelanin (brown). It actually absorbs the sun’s damaging ultraviolet light to provide some amount of sun protection.

Melanin production is triggered by the enzyme, tyrosinase. If you cut down tyrosinase activity, pigmentation is controlled (this is where properly compounded topical tyrosinase inhibotors play a large part). If you find darker parts in your body, this means there is more melanin in those areas

 pigmentation

How Skin Lightening Products Work

Skin lightening products — also known as bleaching creams, whiteners, skin brighteners, or fade specially formulated to counteract the activity of tyrosinase. The active skin lightening ingredients play an important role to achieve this, to slow down melanin production and prevent darkening of the skin.

In addition, skin lightening products are exfoliants, that induces mild skin peeling to help resurface a fresher and lighter skin layer .

While some skin whitening solutions have shown effectiveness in lightening the skin and giving it a healthier look, there are those, which are toxic and in addition, have questionable safety profiles. Before you purchase Skin Lightening Products, read the fine print and know the facts.

 

Skin lighteners ingredients

 

The most widely used ingredient in skin lighteners is hydroquinone. Over-the-counter skin lighteners can contain up to 2% hydroquinone (scary thought).

Other skin lighteners use drugs such as steroids and retinoic acid, which comes from vitamin A, as active ingredients.

Some skin lighteners use natural ingredients such as kojic acid — a compound that comes from a fungus — and arbutin, a compound found in various plants

 

Risks of Skin Lighteners

One of the most significant risks of using some skin lighteners is the potential exposure to mercury. One study found that nearly 1 out of every 4 skin lighteners made in Asia contained mercury.

There are other potential risks of skin lighteners. Those risks can include the following:

  • Prolonged use can contribute to premature aging of skin
  • Long-term use may increase the risk of skin cancer from sun exposure. Always use sunscreen when using a skin lightener and going out in the sun
  • Steroids in some skin lighteners may increase risk for skin infections, skin thinning, acne, and poor wound healing
  • Applying steroids to large areas of skin may put you at risk for health problems related to steroid being absorbed by the body
  • Hydroquinone may cause unwanted and untreatable skin discoloration, some reports link it to cancer

 

Best skin whitening product on the market

White Balance Click is the latest formula from the long-term Medik8 anti-pigmentation research program. Medik8 researchers have scoured the literature and identified 7 key ‘routes’ to whitening and the results of this research have been presented at The Royal College of Physicians building in London. Pigmentation is the general scientific term for dark spots, age spots, freckles, blotchiness, sun damage, uneven skin tone and melasma. Applied regularly, this unique brightening serum has been shown to improve the appearance of overall skin tone with an array of several proven ingredients in a very carefully researched formula.

Kojic acid, which is a key ingredient in the formula, is inherently unstable when dissolved in water. Therefore Medik8 scientists use the innovative “click” packaging system to keep the kojic acid in powder form until its ready-to-use, by storing it in a special chamber inside the product lid. After purchase, simply clicks the lids to release the powder and activate the product by shaking. In addition, the formula contains a patent-pending stabilising complex to keep the dissolved kojic acid stable for 30 days, even after the click. With kojic acid now limited to 1% in cosmetics, this clever formula means maximum ‘bang-for-your-buck’.

Medik8 Whitening Cream is designed to minimise and reduce the appearance of

  • Age spots/Liver Spots/ Sun Spots
  • Freckles
  • Sun Damage/ Tans
  • Melasma/Chloasma
  • Acne Marks
  • Old Scars
  • Discolorations
  • Birth Marks
  • Dark Elbows, Knees, Knuckles
  • Dark Underarms
  • Other Pigmentation
  • General Skin Brightening

What is My Skin Type?

Yes, skin is your largest organ so learn to care for it! I’ll let you in on a little secret. If you know your (general) skin type and can recognise the first signs of your skin changing – you’re a winner! You will never suffer from conditions you do not understand and you will not fall a victim to a “know-it-all” pushy therapist. Just remember, everyone’s skin changes. These changes can occur and show up fast.  Recognise, identify and act on these changes quickly before they set in.

Here are some guidelines on how to identify your general skin type. Once you have established where you fall on the skin-type spectrum, you can make informed decisions in terms of getting the right skin care and/or targeting specific issues with creams, serums and cleansers.

Please understand this information is not designed to train you as a doctor or replace advice of a skin professional – you should still come to us 😉

skin types

Dry Skin 

  • Can often feels tight, especially after you cleanse it
  • May have dry patches and flaking
  • Loss of skin tone
  • Enlarged (also referred to as broken) capillaries
  • Pores appear smaller
  • Skin appears dull, especially on the cheeks and around the eyes and forehead
  • Ages faster /more prone to lines and wrinkles including crows feet, smokers lines etc

Combination skin

  • Many people have an oily skin T-zone (forehead, nose, chin) and  normal/dry skin along the cheeks and sides of the face
  • Breakouts may occur around T-zone
  • Breakouts on lower part of the face can indicate hormonal imbalance, while upper part of the face can be stress related

Oily Skin

  • Larger follicles, larger pores, open pores
  • Skin can appear thicker. It also appears shiny
  • Prone to blackheads and whiteheads
  • May present with clogged pores and frequent breakouts 

Sensitive / Redness prone skin

  • Fine-textured, may appear paper thin
  • Capillaries can be visible on cheeks, nose, forehead
  • Skin can look blotchy, become flushed easily
  • Rosacea and even sensitivity to water (if you feel stinging when you splash water on your face)

Normal Skin

  • Feels comfortable, soft and translucent
  • No dry/flaky or greasy patches
  • No visible blemishes or pores
  • Even skin tone and smooth texture
  • Able to benefit from various skin care products 

Acneic / Problematic Skin

  • Produces too much oil and has enlarged pores
  • Clogged pores with excess oil,
  • Dead skin cells and bacteria may lead to blackheads and whiteheads

 

Determine your skin type @ home

  1. Cleanse twice with warm water and your regular cleanser
  2. Have a good night sleep
  3. In the morning apply rice paper or lens-cleaning tissue paper to your face to blot it

Results:

Oily – paper sticks to your face or becomes translucent
Dry – paper doesn’t stick to any part of your face nor becomes translucent
Combination – paper only sticks to your T-Zone (forehead, nose and chin)

 

Now you have some of the tools to map your skin type and condition to some great products and create a fantastic skin care routine to suit your skin. Having said all this nothing can really replace advice of genuine, ethical professional who is truly great in their field. We look forward to seeing you in the clinic soon either for advice or a glass of campaign (this bone needs to be booked in advance hehehe…)

Do you have skin care products to help me with acne and keep it under control?

Acne is one of the most common skin-care problems for people around the world. Many of us have gone to great lengths to banish every blemish, only to see them return again. You feel like you’ve tried everything, but no matter what you do, acne keeps coming back.

acne skin care products

What You Shouldn’t Do when you have acne!

Here are things that anyone struggling with acne should avoid:

  • Don’t use harsh or irritating skin-care products. Treating acne-prone skin gently is the best way to go.
  • Don’t wash your face with bar soaps or bar cleansers of any kind. Soap is drying, and the ingredients that hold bar soaps in their bar form clog pores. If you prefer using bar cleansers to clean your skin, we recommend a specifically formulated ‘Acne Bar‘ by A Natural Difference Clinical Skincare.
  • Don’t pick at blemishes! You can “pop” a pimple, but how you do it makes all the difference between healing and scarring.
  • Don’t use extreme heat or cold to clean your face or treat a blemish. Hot compresses or ice cubes are not the way to treat acne or to encourage healing; they cause inflammation, which will aggravate your acne. Pores do not open and close with hot or cold water.
  • Don’t apply thick, waxy hair-styling products or hairspray, especially if your hair usually touches your forehead. The ingredients in these products can clog pores if they get on your skin.
  • Don’t leave your make up on overnight. By leaving make up on you will clog your pores and create blemishes you are trying to conceal during the day-be sure to thoroughly cleanse your skin twice in the evening, and again in the morning.

 

What You Can Do to fight acne!

Experimenting with what works is an important way to create an anti-acne routine that works for you. A gentle, non-irritating skin-care routine is vital to get your acne under control;

  1. Gentle cleansing is a vital first step. A mild, water-soluble cleanser helps reduce oily skin and acne without making your skin feel dry and tight. We recommend Benefit Clean by Cosmedix.
  2. Exfoliate. Products that contain Salicylic acid, also known as beta hydroxy acid (BHA), can help kill the bacteria that causes acne. It is an amazing multifunctional ingredient that treats acne in several ways. It not only has potent anti-inflammatory properties, but also exfoliates to remove built-up dead skin cells on the surface of the skin as well as inside the pore. Salicylic acid also has antibacterial properties. For salicylic acid formulas to be effective, the concentration must be at least 0.5%, although 1% to 2% is far more effective; plus, the formula’s pH is a critical factor, with a pH of 3 to 4 being optimal. In addition, the product must not contain any irritating ingredients, because such ingredients cause inflammation, which you must avoid as much as possible. Fortunately, well-formulated salicylic acid products do exist. We recommend Pore Cleanse Gel by Medik8.
  3. Serums; Retinol, a vitamin A derivative can play a significant role in an acne treatment routine. They change the way skin cells are formed in the layers of skin as well as in the pore, improving how skin cells shed. This will unclog pores, thereby significantly reducing inflammatory lesions.

 

Caution for Acne sufferers:

  • Oral antibiotics can be extremely effective in controlling acne, but as effective as they are, they also pose serious risks that you must consider. Because oral antibiotics kill the good bacteria in the body along with the bad bacteria, ongoing use can result in chronic infections as well as stomach problems.
  • Birth control pills (some types) have been shown to reduce acne lesions and oil production, in part by decreasing androgens (male hormones), which are largely responsible for causing blemishes. Keep in mind that there are risks associated with taking any type of birth control pill (especially if you smoke)

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