Tag Archives: dry skin

Hydration vs. Moisturisation

Normal skin:

The sebaceous glands — oil-producing glands that naturally lubricate the skin – maintain a healthy level of sebum, or natural oil. This serves to keep the skin properly hydrated by preventing excessive water loss or absorption. Marked by a supple feel and moist (but not greasy) appearance, normal skin gains little, if anything, from added moisture. 

Dry skin:

Moisturiser can play an invaluable role in restoring epidermal equilibrium. By aiding a return to normal sebaceous activity, it can help restore past damage, soothe inflammation and encourage healthy hydration in budding, new skin cells. Used alone or as part of a skin care regimen, moisturisers do little more than mask a symptom of a much bigger problem.

That bigger problem could be the result of any number of things. From poor dietary and lifestyle choices to hormonal imbalance and UV over-exposure, skin conditions arise in different people for different reasons. Dry skin arises from distress or damage to the skin’s lipid barrier—a permeable outer layer of fatty substances that shields skin cells from harmful elements, whilst allowing moisture and nutrients in. Combined with a decrease in sebum production, this structural deterioration exposes skin cells to external threats and contributes to what is known as trans-epidermal water loss (TEWL). As cells become dehydrated, the skin visibly starts to suffer. While a moisturizer may offer temporary relief, until the source of the cell disruption is isolated and corrected, dry skin will continue to be a problem.


    • Cosmedix: Emulsion – a soothing blend of jojoba oil and shea butter in a unique liquid crystal formula
    • Medik8 Hydr8 360 – a rich nourishing daily moisturiser formulated with a raft of active ingredients to restore moisture to dry and mature skin
    • Skeyndor Deep Moisturising Cream FII – contains ceramides which act by correctly directing the various protective lipid layers to defend against the inlet of substances alien to the body


Oily Skin:

Oily skin occurs when sebaceous glands are prompted to produce more sebum than normal, causing the skin to appear shiny or greasy. Although nearly opposite in appearance, oily and dry skin often arise from many of the same core causes. In fact, most oily conditions are really issues of dehydration in which the skin counteracts with an increase in sebum production.

While intuition may suggest a needed decrease in hydration—a notion echoed in the wealth of “lightweight” moisturizers marketed specifically to oily skin—this thinking often does more harm than good to the skin. Combined with daily degreasing efforts and harsh topical agents that strip away the skin’s lipid barrier, weak moisturizers are merely an attempt to control the symptoms of a condition through chemistry and do not target their source.


    • Cosmedix Mystic – a refreshing, oil-free moisture spray that won’t clog pores
    • Medik8 Hydr8 B5 – contains skin softening Vitamin B5 and moisture enhancing Hyaluronic Acid to quench your skin and provide 24hours of non-stop hydration
    • Skeyndor Anti-Grease Lotion with Alpha Hydroxy Acids – contains natural alpha-hydroxy acids that increase the skin’s hydration and radiance


Sensitive Skin:

Whether caused by nutritional deficiencies, stress or skin injury, reactive skin responds adversely to even minor topical irritants with redness, inflammation, hives and/or breakouts.


    • Cosmedix Rescue – all-natural balm that soothes irritated, inflamed and post-procedure skin
    • Medik8 Redness Corrector – instantly reduces visible redness and minimise the appearance of future breakouts, and includes soothing extracts with concealing green mineral pigments to provide immediate relief for those prone to facial redness
    • Skeyndor SOS Anti Redness – rich in plant extracts to regulate and improve the appearance of red lines and persistent redness, whilst assisting in restoring the barrier function to protect skin against damaging environmental effects.


It is important to consult with a skin care professional to determine the source of the condition and create a treatment strategy customized for your skin

Moisturizers generally work in two ways. Many prevent water loss by coating the skin with an oil-based substance to trap moisture in—essentially replicating what a healthy sebum balance already does. Common among store-bought brands, staple ingredients include petroleum, mineral oil and lanolin. While somewhat effective, such products run the risk of clogged pores and contact irritation due to their oil content. Other products attract moisture to the skin using hydrophilic (water-friendly) substances like glycerin, lactic acid and certain vitamins. In addition to replacing moisture already lost, products containing these ingredients are enjoyed by more skin types for their non-greasy, non-irritating properties.

Skin condition: Dry skin.

Dry Skin Care



Dry skin is a very common skin condition characterised by a lack of the appropriate amount of water in the superficial layer of the skin, the epidermis. The epidermis is normally composed of fats (lipids) and protein. The lipids portion of the epidermis helps prevent skin’s dehydration. When the skin’s oils are removed, skin’s protection decreases and it loses moisture more easily. This process is known as Epidermal Water Loss as skin becomes dry, it also may become more sensitive and prone to rashes and skin breakdown.

Facts about the condition:

  • Affect males and females equally
  • Older people are typically much more prone to it due to diminished amounts of natural skin oils and lubricants
  • Arms, hands, and particularly lower legs tend to be more affected by the condition
  • Dryness of the skin is affected by the amount of water vapor in the surrounding air, the humidity
  • The condition is also known as xeroderma or xerosis


  • It is classified as mild, temporary condition which lasts from a few days to weeks. In severe cases can be a long-term skin problem
  • Cold or dry air and winter weather can worsen dry skin
  • Individuals whose occupations require more frequent hand-washing and sanitizing
  • Dry skin may also be a side effect of an underlying medical disorder, lifestyle or some medications
    • Harsh soaps and chemical cleansers, misusing moisturisers, and long, hot showers
    • Medications you take – and even medical conditions such as diabetes, psoriasis, hypothyroidism
    • Malnutrition or lack of oils in diet

Skin needs:

This type of skin could benefit from a creamy wash with hydrating ingredients and moisturisers with sunscreens and antioxidants



Try using the Face Care range for dry skin, specifically formulated to nourish and hydrate your skin. The products should include pro-vitamin B5 and vitamin C, known for its antioxidant properties. They should be gentle enough to care for even the most sensitive skins.


Here are our top 5


Your daily routine:

Step 1 – As part of your daily routine, start by a gentle cleanser to gently lift away debris and/or make-up – cleanse once in the morning and twice in the evening.

Step 2 – Follow with the appropriate restorative serum (protective for the day and regenerative for the night)

Step 3 – Morning routine requires a protective day cream. It’ll help lock in your skin’s moisture throughout the day. Chose a cream with UV filters and added antioxidants. Evening routine needs a nourishing cream to support your skin’s replenishment overnight and restore your skin’s softness


Should I use only very oily products in my treatment routines?

No, not really. Without a doubt dry skin does require nourishment. However, oily textures are not necessarily the most effective way to replenish dry skin. Focusing on a treatment plan to restore the skin’s barrier will work wonders to your skin. Chose appropriate product lines with very light molecular weight for quick absorption. You want your skin feeling soft and nourished but not greasy or sticky.

For my dry skin should I use a different products/treatment during summertime and wintertime?

Absolutely! Choose your skin care products and treatments according to your skin’s needs first and consider the weather second. The skin tends to become drier in wintertime. The cold air, the wind, the heating, and the indoor/outdoor differences in temperature are all factors which aggravate and dry out your skin. Most people with dry skin tendency will need richer formulars in winter.

 Will Drinking Water Prevent Dry Skin?

The truth is your skin needs the perfect oil-water balance to stay in tip top condition. While drinking enough water will most certainly improve your skin’s overall feel and condition, treatment for dry skin can be far more complicated. Watch out not to consume the types of liquids that lead to dehydration and stay away from alcohol and caffeine as they are the chief offenders.


Our top 5 tips to help maintain a beautifully soft, smooth skin

1.       Always wear  sunscreen! Even in winter. Sun slowly but surely delivers the damage. It makes your skin less and less able to hold moisture or feel smooth.

2.       Use a good quality moisturiser. Everyday! Make sure your moisturiser contains antioxidants and ingredients that help skin hold on to water, skin-repairing ingredients, and anti-inflammatory ingredients.

3.       Exfoliate at least once a week. Skin cellular turnover (usually 28days) is a function of healthy skin. Due to sun damage and other environmanetal and life style factors, your skin needs help with this process. A well-formulated scrub or fruit enzymes treatment can help skin cells turn over in a more natural, youthful manner by removing the build-up of older skin cells, revealing the newer, fresher ones.

4.       Don’t forget your lips. Lips are the least capable of staying young, smooth and soft. Do not leave your lips naked day or night. Apply and reapply an emollient lipstick, gloss or nourishing lip cream.

5.       Never use products that contain drying or irritating ingredients

What is My Skin Type?

Yes, skin is your largest organ so learn to care for it! I’ll let you in on a little secret. If you know your (general) skin type and can recognise the first signs of your skin changing – you’re a winner! You will never suffer from conditions you do not understand and you will not fall a victim to a “know-it-all” pushy therapist. Just remember, everyone’s skin changes. These changes can occur and show up fast.  Recognise, identify and act on these changes quickly before they set in.

Here are some guidelines on how to identify your general skin type. Once you have established where you fall on the skin-type spectrum, you can make informed decisions in terms of getting the right skin care and/or targeting specific issues with creams, serums and cleansers.

Please understand this information is not designed to train you as a doctor or replace advice of a skin professional – you should still come to us 😉

skin types

Dry Skin 

  • Can often feels tight, especially after you cleanse it
  • May have dry patches and flaking
  • Loss of skin tone
  • Enlarged (also referred to as broken) capillaries
  • Pores appear smaller
  • Skin appears dull, especially on the cheeks and around the eyes and forehead
  • Ages faster /more prone to lines and wrinkles including crows feet, smokers lines etc

Combination skin

  • Many people have an oily skin T-zone (forehead, nose, chin) and  normal/dry skin along the cheeks and sides of the face
  • Breakouts may occur around T-zone
  • Breakouts on lower part of the face can indicate hormonal imbalance, while upper part of the face can be stress related

Oily Skin

  • Larger follicles, larger pores, open pores
  • Skin can appear thicker. It also appears shiny
  • Prone to blackheads and whiteheads
  • May present with clogged pores and frequent breakouts 

Sensitive / Redness prone skin

  • Fine-textured, may appear paper thin
  • Capillaries can be visible on cheeks, nose, forehead
  • Skin can look blotchy, become flushed easily
  • Rosacea and even sensitivity to water (if you feel stinging when you splash water on your face)

Normal Skin

  • Feels comfortable, soft and translucent
  • No dry/flaky or greasy patches
  • No visible blemishes or pores
  • Even skin tone and smooth texture
  • Able to benefit from various skin care products 

Acneic / Problematic Skin

  • Produces too much oil and has enlarged pores
  • Clogged pores with excess oil,
  • Dead skin cells and bacteria may lead to blackheads and whiteheads


Determine your skin type @ home

  1. Cleanse twice with warm water and your regular cleanser
  2. Have a good night sleep
  3. In the morning apply rice paper or lens-cleaning tissue paper to your face to blot it


Oily – paper sticks to your face or becomes translucent
Dry – paper doesn’t stick to any part of your face nor becomes translucent
Combination – paper only sticks to your T-Zone (forehead, nose and chin)


Now you have some of the tools to map your skin type and condition to some great products and create a fantastic skin care routine to suit your skin. Having said all this nothing can really replace advice of genuine, ethical professional who is truly great in their field. We look forward to seeing you in the clinic soon either for advice or a glass of campaign (this bone needs to be booked in advance hehehe…)

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