Tag Archives: freckles

Skin Whitening that actually works

Pigmentation Causes

Uneven pigmentation can make your skin look tired, dry and dull and blotchy. 2 main types of pigmentation or skin darkening are

  1. MELASMA. The exact cause is not known although the condition is associated with pregnancy and/or hormonal fluctuations. It often presents with symmetrically appearing patches on face that are dark brown in colour. Melasma (also known as chloasma) is not dangerous but quiet unsightly
  2. HYPER PIGMENTATION. Darkening of random areas is thought to be caused by excess melanin production in the skin. It’s associated with a number of health conditions, medications and allergic reactions. Excessive sun exposure can also lead to hyper pigmentation and will worsen with age
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Skin Color

Melanin is the pigment produced by melanocyte cells. Melanin comes in two kinds: pheomelanin (yellow to reddish tone) and eumelanin (brown). It actually absorbs the sun’s damaging ultraviolet light to provide some amount of sun protection.

Melanin production is triggered by the enzyme, tyrosinase. If you cut down tyrosinase activity, pigmentation is controlled (this is where properly compounded topical tyrosinase inhibotors play a large part). If you find darker parts in your body, this means there is more melanin in those areas

 pigmentation

How Skin Lightening Products Work

Skin lightening products — also known as bleaching creams, whiteners, skin brighteners, or fade specially formulated to counteract the activity of tyrosinase. The active skin lightening ingredients play an important role to achieve this, to slow down melanin production and prevent darkening of the skin.

In addition, skin lightening products are exfoliants, that induces mild skin peeling to help resurface a fresher and lighter skin layer .

While some skin whitening solutions have shown effectiveness in lightening the skin and giving it a healthier look, there are those, which are toxic and in addition, have questionable safety profiles. Before you purchase Skin Lightening Products, read the fine print and know the facts.

 

Skin lighteners ingredients

 

The most widely used ingredient in skin lighteners is hydroquinone. Over-the-counter skin lighteners can contain up to 2% hydroquinone (scary thought).

Other skin lighteners use drugs such as steroids and retinoic acid, which comes from vitamin A, as active ingredients.

Some skin lighteners use natural ingredients such as kojic acid — a compound that comes from a fungus — and arbutin, a compound found in various plants

 

Risks of Skin Lighteners

One of the most significant risks of using some skin lighteners is the potential exposure to mercury. One study found that nearly 1 out of every 4 skin lighteners made in Asia contained mercury.

There are other potential risks of skin lighteners. Those risks can include the following:

  • Prolonged use can contribute to premature aging of skin
  • Long-term use may increase the risk of skin cancer from sun exposure. Always use sunscreen when using a skin lightener and going out in the sun
  • Steroids in some skin lighteners may increase risk for skin infections, skin thinning, acne, and poor wound healing
  • Applying steroids to large areas of skin may put you at risk for health problems related to steroid being absorbed by the body
  • Hydroquinone may cause unwanted and untreatable skin discoloration, some reports link it to cancer

 

Best skin whitening product on the market

White Balance Click is the latest formula from the long-term Medik8 anti-pigmentation research program. Medik8 researchers have scoured the literature and identified 7 key ‘routes’ to whitening and the results of this research have been presented at The Royal College of Physicians building in London. Pigmentation is the general scientific term for dark spots, age spots, freckles, blotchiness, sun damage, uneven skin tone and melasma. Applied regularly, this unique brightening serum has been shown to improve the appearance of overall skin tone with an array of several proven ingredients in a very carefully researched formula.

Kojic acid, which is a key ingredient in the formula, is inherently unstable when dissolved in water. Therefore Medik8 scientists use the innovative “click” packaging system to keep the kojic acid in powder form until its ready-to-use, by storing it in a special chamber inside the product lid. After purchase, simply clicks the lids to release the powder and activate the product by shaking. In addition, the formula contains a patent-pending stabilising complex to keep the dissolved kojic acid stable for 30 days, even after the click. With kojic acid now limited to 1% in cosmetics, this clever formula means maximum ‘bang-for-your-buck’.

Medik8 Whitening Cream is designed to minimise and reduce the appearance of

  • Age spots/Liver Spots/ Sun Spots
  • Freckles
  • Sun Damage/ Tans
  • Melasma/Chloasma
  • Acne Marks
  • Old Scars
  • Discolorations
  • Birth Marks
  • Dark Elbows, Knees, Knuckles
  • Dark Underarms
  • Other Pigmentation
  • General Skin Brightening

Skin Imperfections defined

SKIN Conditions Defined

Skin imperfections can be anything from: Thread Veins, Red Veins, Broken Capillaries,  Skin Tags, Milia, Rosacea, Broken Capillaries, Freckles etc.

The first step you can take to improve your skin texture is to understand your condition and identify the culprits behind less-than-perfect skin. 

Here are the most common skin imperfections in alphabetical order.

Age Spots

Blemishes on the skin associated with ageing and exposure to UV light.  They are located in areas most often exposed to the sun, particularly the hands, face, shoulders, arms and forehead.  They range in colour from light brown to red to black.

Broken Capillaries / Thread Veins / Red Veins

These are conditions that are most commonly found on the face (particularly around the nose) and legs. They can be caused by many factors, including ageing, pregnancy, harsh weather and smoking.

Cellulite

The accumulation of fat that presses against the connective tissues underneath a person’s skin, causing a bumpy or ‘cottage cheese-like’ effect. Genetics, hormones and/or diet often serve as the root of the problem.

Hypo-pigmentation

Hypo-pigmentation is the partial loss of skin colour, hypopigmented skin is abnormally light when compared to the surrounding skin and occurs when the skin produces too little melanin.  The most common causes are after an injury to the skin or by regular intake of particular medications.

Melasma

Characterised by dark, irregular patches commonly found on the upper cheeks, nose, lips, upper lip and forehead which often develop over time.  Particularly common in women especially pregnant women and those taking oral or patch contraceptives or HRT medications.  This exact cause is not known but is linked to hormonal changes rather than sun damage

Rosacea

An inflammatory response where the skin becomes flushed and vasodilated very easily.  The symptoms begin with flushing and redness on the central face and across the cheeks, nose or forehead, but can also affect the neck, chest, ears and scalp.

Skin Pigmentation

Conditions that cause the skin to appear blotchy and lighter (hypopigmentation) or darker (hyperpigmentation) than normal due to an imbalance in melanin, the pigment that determines hair, skin and eye color. Skin pigmentation disorders are caused by varying factors, including sun exposure, allergic reactions and genetic inheritance.

Skin Tags and Milia

Skin tags are very common and normally found around the bust, neck or areas of friction such as the underarm. They are harmless but can be both unsightly and irritating.

Milia are very small, white,  cysts which lie superficially under the surface of the skin, commonly around the eye area.

Stretch Marks

A form of scarring that occurs on the skin and has a white or reddish tint. When the dermis tears due to loss of elasticity and collagen, such scars can appear. Stretch marks also occur when the skin is stretched at a rapid pace (i.e. puberty, weight gain or pregnancy).

Sun Damage

Often the price we pay for tanning, sun damage occurs when the skin is overly exposed to the sun’s intense ultraviolet (UV) rays. While some effects are immediately visible (i.e. sunburns and suntans), others appear over time in the form of unsightly wrinkles and liver spots. Excessive and repeated sun exposure can permanently damage skin cell DNA, resulting in skin cancer.

 

What can you do to improve your skin complexion?

Keeping skin perfectly blemish-free is almost impossible. However, with an effective daily cleansing routine and a thorough understanding of how imperfections can be prevented and reduced, you’ll be on your way towards achieving clearer, more beautiful skin.

Contrary to popular belief, skin imperfections are not caused by eating greasy foods, limited to teenagers, or cured overnight. Regardless of whether you are prone to imperfections or not, there are simple ways to help control and prevent them.

Stress, lack of sleep, dehydration, and hormonal changes can all have an impact on your skin. To keep imperfections at bay, lead a healthy lifestyle and incorporate good skincare products into your regime. Look for anti-bacterial products that also exfoliate the skin surface to help purify and unclog pores.

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