Tag Archives: inflammation

Rosacea and skin redness

Facts about the condition:

  • Skin redness, which can also be Rosacea, is one of the most annoying skin problems, effecting more than 45 million people worldwide
  • Although redness can develop in people of any skin color, it generally occurs most frequently and is most apparent in people with fair skin
  • It typically starts after 30 years of age, is more common in women (particularly during menopause) but more severe in men
  • Left untreated, it can even cause deformities
  • Uneven skin redness usually appears on the face (forehead/nose/cheeks/chin) and usually begins with a tendency to flush and blush. This can progress to permanent redness and increased skin sensitivity
  • Redness can sometimes progresses to chest area

Main causes include:

  • Sun damage
  • Over sensitising skin
  • Hormonal or hereditary nature
  • Stress
  • Incorrectly prescribed or used skin care/ makeup or sensitivity to some of the ingredients in the products

 

Skin needs:

A combination of treatments and skincare that is suited to an individual’s pattern of skin redness. Focusing mainly on reducing inflammation, regulating blood vessel proliferation and trying to reduce trigger factors.

 

Dermal factors for skin redness include:

  • Salicylic Acid (Beta Hydroxy acid). Rosacea can often display skin bumps formed by a build up of keratin around the hair follicle. Salicylic acid has a keratolytic action, which functions by softening the build-up of dead skin (keratin). Salicylic acid clears the pores, helps with inflammation and increases the cellular turnover, making it a very useful treatment for skin conditions like rosacea, especially when there is an acne component
  • Vitamin A (retinol):  improving barrier function, reducing epidermal thickening, regulating exfoliation and helping control excess oil and acne eruptions. Vitamin A can improve erythema (redness) and is also known to improve the appearance of telangiectasia.
  • Niacinamide – Topical Vitamin B (niacinamide) can greatly diminish the blushing and flushing commonly associated with rosacea and skin redness. Topical niacinamide can improve the barrier function of the skin and decrease the redness associated with rosacea flare ups.
  • Vitamin K— decreases the pooling of blood under the skin commonly associated with telangiectasia, aka spider veins
  • Vitamin C— has been shown to strengthen the capillary walls, thereby decreasing the chances of further damage

 

 

Home Care

We recommend a separate routine for morning and evening, simply because your skin’s needs differ from day to night.

 

During the day, you want to focus on giving your skin protection from the sun and environmental abuse, whilst providing lightweight hydration under makeup

  1. Cleanse: MEDIK8 RedAlert Cleanse – contains Teprenone, Vitamin K1 and calming organic orange oil to soothe the skin, and cleanse deep within the pores removing impurities and make-up.
  2. Prevent: MEDIK8 Firewall – neutralizes a broad spectrum of free-radicals , and acts in unison with sunscreen to protect collagen and elastin, while supporting new collagen production. Also helps to prevent future sun damage
  3. Correct: MEDIK8 Redness Corrector – advanced neutralising cream formulated as a complete ‘anti-redness’ product with 6 targeted actions to instantly reduce redness, treat inflammation and prevent the appearance of future breakouts. Reduces the burning sensation and skin discomfort associated with redness, and prevents future reactions by reducing skin reactivity. The moisturizing and protecting formula also provides instant coverage as mineral green pigments counterbalance the red discolouration.
  4. Hydrate: MEDIK8 Hydr8B5 – this lightweight and easily-absorbed hydrating gel delivers skin-softening Pantotheic Acid (vitamin B5) and moisture-enhancing Hyaluronic Acid to produce rapid and significant improvements in the general condition and feel of the skin.
  5. SPF: O’COSMEDICS Mineral Pro – provides true broad spectrum protection, preventing skin damage as well as assisting skin healing and reducing inflammation
  6. Coverup/Camouflage:  Lycogel  / Oxygenetics – calm and soothe the skin whilst providing effective cover up

 

In the evening, your skin is at rest and in its “repair” mode, trying to heal the environmental damage that occurred during the day. You want to focus on calming, healing, removing surface dry skin cells and absorption of performance products.

  1. Cleanse: SIRCUIT X Trap – non-drying, mild cleansing agents restore balance, elasticity, and tone. Formulated with Organic Shea Butter to soften and smooth the skin and L-Alpha Bisabolol to calm, soothe, and help heal
  2. Heal: COSMEDIX Define – fortified with gentle, non-irritating acids and 2% AGP Complex, this resurfacing treatment stimulates collagen and elastin production for a dynamic yet well-tolerated level of skin remodeling.
  3. Correct: SKEYNDOR SOS Anti Redness – enriched with plant extracts helping to improve the appearance of rosacea and persistent redness, and provides freshness and immediate relief to the feeling of tightness and redness in sensitive skins.
  4. Hydrate: MEDIK8 Hydr8 Night – acked with superior anti-aging actives such as Resveratrol for cell longevity, and Beta-Glucan for skin texture renewal, Hyrd8 Night will help reverse the signs of skin aging and restore a healthy, radiant complexion.

 

Treatment Plan

Light based treatments such as Intense Pulsed Light (IPL ) are effective in treating the capillary blood vessels (telangiectasia) as well as reducing the appearance of redness in the skin. While there is no cure for rosacea, effective treatment options do exist and can be tailored to the symptoms and severity. It is important to recognize and avoid trigger factors

 

Q&A

What ingredients in skin care has to be avoided and what to look for?

When selecting a skin care product, pay close attention to the ingredients and avoid chemicals such as sodium lauryl sulfate, which can strip the epidermis of its natural oils. Inflamed skin calls for a gentle formula with a natural moisturizing factor, such as that which is found in chirally correct L-lactic acid, to effectively restore epidermal regularity. Similarly, toners and serums that contain hydrating ingredients like aloe vera and vitamin E will calm, soothe and support the skin, as well as mildly exfoliate dead skin cells.

In surveys conducted by the National Rosacea Society, many patients cited the following ingredients as triggers for irritation: alcohol (66 percent), witch hazel (30 percent), fragrance (30 percent), menthol (21 percent), peppermint (14 percent) and eucalyptus oil (13 percent). Most respondents said they avoided astringents, exfoliating agents and other types of products that may be too harsh for sensitive skin.

 

What are different types of rosacea?

There are 4 subtypes recognized by the US National Rosacea Society

1.       ERYTHEMATOTELANGIECTATIC ROSACEA: this type of rosacea is characterized by stinging and facial redness on the nose and cheeks. It may or may not be seen along with broken capillaries. These symptoms come and go depending on the individual’s trigger factors. Roughness, facial swelling and a grainy skin texture may also accompany the other symptoms

2.       PAPULOPUSTULAR ROSACEA: This type of rosacea resembles acne although it differs because there are no clogged pores or comedones on the skin. Larger than normal pimples occur mainly on the upper cheeks and nose along with intense redness. Stinging, burning and a dehydrated surface appearance may also occur

3.       PHYMATOUS ROSACEA: This type of rosacea shows up as thickened skin and enlargement of the nose (Rhinophyma) and other parts of the face. This type of rosacea is more often seen in men, although rosacea in general is found most often in women

4.       OCULAR ROSACEA: This type of rosacea occurs on the eyelids and in the eye resulting in swollen eyelids, lumps and cysts in the lids, bloodshot eyes and vision difficulty

Hydration vs. Moisturisation

Normal skin:

The sebaceous glands — oil-producing glands that naturally lubricate the skin – maintain a healthy level of sebum, or natural oil. This serves to keep the skin properly hydrated by preventing excessive water loss or absorption. Marked by a supple feel and moist (but not greasy) appearance, normal skin gains little, if anything, from added moisture. 

Dry skin:

Moisturiser can play an invaluable role in restoring epidermal equilibrium. By aiding a return to normal sebaceous activity, it can help restore past damage, soothe inflammation and encourage healthy hydration in budding, new skin cells. Used alone or as part of a skin care regimen, moisturisers do little more than mask a symptom of a much bigger problem.

That bigger problem could be the result of any number of things. From poor dietary and lifestyle choices to hormonal imbalance and UV over-exposure, skin conditions arise in different people for different reasons. Dry skin arises from distress or damage to the skin’s lipid barrier—a permeable outer layer of fatty substances that shields skin cells from harmful elements, whilst allowing moisture and nutrients in. Combined with a decrease in sebum production, this structural deterioration exposes skin cells to external threats and contributes to what is known as trans-epidermal water loss (TEWL). As cells become dehydrated, the skin visibly starts to suffer. While a moisturizer may offer temporary relief, until the source of the cell disruption is isolated and corrected, dry skin will continue to be a problem.

Solution: 

    • Cosmedix: Emulsion – a soothing blend of jojoba oil and shea butter in a unique liquid crystal formula
    • Medik8 Hydr8 360 – a rich nourishing daily moisturiser formulated with a raft of active ingredients to restore moisture to dry and mature skin
    • Skeyndor Deep Moisturising Cream FII – contains ceramides which act by correctly directing the various protective lipid layers to defend against the inlet of substances alien to the body

 

Oily Skin:

Oily skin occurs when sebaceous glands are prompted to produce more sebum than normal, causing the skin to appear shiny or greasy. Although nearly opposite in appearance, oily and dry skin often arise from many of the same core causes. In fact, most oily conditions are really issues of dehydration in which the skin counteracts with an increase in sebum production.

While intuition may suggest a needed decrease in hydration—a notion echoed in the wealth of “lightweight” moisturizers marketed specifically to oily skin—this thinking often does more harm than good to the skin. Combined with daily degreasing efforts and harsh topical agents that strip away the skin’s lipid barrier, weak moisturizers are merely an attempt to control the symptoms of a condition through chemistry and do not target their source.

Solution: 

    • Cosmedix Mystic – a refreshing, oil-free moisture spray that won’t clog pores
    • Medik8 Hydr8 B5 – contains skin softening Vitamin B5 and moisture enhancing Hyaluronic Acid to quench your skin and provide 24hours of non-stop hydration
    • Skeyndor Anti-Grease Lotion with Alpha Hydroxy Acids – contains natural alpha-hydroxy acids that increase the skin’s hydration and radiance

 

Sensitive Skin:

Whether caused by nutritional deficiencies, stress or skin injury, reactive skin responds adversely to even minor topical irritants with redness, inflammation, hives and/or breakouts.

Solution:

    • Cosmedix Rescue – all-natural balm that soothes irritated, inflamed and post-procedure skin
    • Medik8 Redness Corrector – instantly reduces visible redness and minimise the appearance of future breakouts, and includes soothing extracts with concealing green mineral pigments to provide immediate relief for those prone to facial redness
    • Skeyndor SOS Anti Redness – rich in plant extracts to regulate and improve the appearance of red lines and persistent redness, whilst assisting in restoring the barrier function to protect skin against damaging environmental effects.

 

It is important to consult with a skin care professional to determine the source of the condition and create a treatment strategy customized for your skin

Moisturizers generally work in two ways. Many prevent water loss by coating the skin with an oil-based substance to trap moisture in—essentially replicating what a healthy sebum balance already does. Common among store-bought brands, staple ingredients include petroleum, mineral oil and lanolin. While somewhat effective, such products run the risk of clogged pores and contact irritation due to their oil content. Other products attract moisture to the skin using hydrophilic (water-friendly) substances like glycerin, lactic acid and certain vitamins. In addition to replacing moisture already lost, products containing these ingredients are enjoyed by more skin types for their non-greasy, non-irritating properties.

Do you have skin care products to help me with acne and keep it under control?

Acne is one of the most common skin-care problems for people around the world. Many of us have gone to great lengths to banish every blemish, only to see them return again. You feel like you’ve tried everything, but no matter what you do, acne keeps coming back.

acne skin care products

What You Shouldn’t Do when you have acne!

Here are things that anyone struggling with acne should avoid:

  • Don’t use harsh or irritating skin-care products. Treating acne-prone skin gently is the best way to go.
  • Don’t wash your face with bar soaps or bar cleansers of any kind. Soap is drying, and the ingredients that hold bar soaps in their bar form clog pores. If you prefer using bar cleansers to clean your skin, we recommend a specifically formulated ‘Acne Bar‘ by A Natural Difference Clinical Skincare.
  • Don’t pick at blemishes! You can “pop” a pimple, but how you do it makes all the difference between healing and scarring.
  • Don’t use extreme heat or cold to clean your face or treat a blemish. Hot compresses or ice cubes are not the way to treat acne or to encourage healing; they cause inflammation, which will aggravate your acne. Pores do not open and close with hot or cold water.
  • Don’t apply thick, waxy hair-styling products or hairspray, especially if your hair usually touches your forehead. The ingredients in these products can clog pores if they get on your skin.
  • Don’t leave your make up on overnight. By leaving make up on you will clog your pores and create blemishes you are trying to conceal during the day-be sure to thoroughly cleanse your skin twice in the evening, and again in the morning.

 

What You Can Do to fight acne!

Experimenting with what works is an important way to create an anti-acne routine that works for you. A gentle, non-irritating skin-care routine is vital to get your acne under control;

  1. Gentle cleansing is a vital first step. A mild, water-soluble cleanser helps reduce oily skin and acne without making your skin feel dry and tight. We recommend Benefit Clean by Cosmedix.
  2. Exfoliate. Products that contain Salicylic acid, also known as beta hydroxy acid (BHA), can help kill the bacteria that causes acne. It is an amazing multifunctional ingredient that treats acne in several ways. It not only has potent anti-inflammatory properties, but also exfoliates to remove built-up dead skin cells on the surface of the skin as well as inside the pore. Salicylic acid also has antibacterial properties. For salicylic acid formulas to be effective, the concentration must be at least 0.5%, although 1% to 2% is far more effective; plus, the formula’s pH is a critical factor, with a pH of 3 to 4 being optimal. In addition, the product must not contain any irritating ingredients, because such ingredients cause inflammation, which you must avoid as much as possible. Fortunately, well-formulated salicylic acid products do exist. We recommend Pore Cleanse Gel by Medik8.
  3. Serums; Retinol, a vitamin A derivative can play a significant role in an acne treatment routine. They change the way skin cells are formed in the layers of skin as well as in the pore, improving how skin cells shed. This will unclog pores, thereby significantly reducing inflammatory lesions.

 

Caution for Acne sufferers:

  • Oral antibiotics can be extremely effective in controlling acne, but as effective as they are, they also pose serious risks that you must consider. Because oral antibiotics kill the good bacteria in the body along with the bad bacteria, ongoing use can result in chronic infections as well as stomach problems.
  • Birth control pills (some types) have been shown to reduce acne lesions and oil production, in part by decreasing androgens (male hormones), which are largely responsible for causing blemishes. Keep in mind that there are risks associated with taking any type of birth control pill (especially if you smoke)

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