Tag Archives: melanin

How to remove age spots effectively

Age spots are also known as brown spots or liver spots. They typically appear on areas most exposed to sun:

  • back of the hands
  • face
  • neck
  • decolatage
  • legs
  • back
  • shoulders

When we’re young we don’t even think they’ll appear on our skin (and even if they do – it’s so far in the future that you’ll deal with it when it happens). Unfortunately, age spots can sneak up on you before you know it.

Although unsightly, age spots are not harmful to your health in any way.

However, considering the importance of clear, unblemished skin to your overall image and self confidence, it is worthwhile making an effort to prevent and remove age spots if they do appear. Age spots can range in size from anything from a small freckle to much bigger in size, but they often group together making them appear larger

 

What causes age spots?

The main cause for age spots is sun exposure, which is why they usually appear on areas not usually covered by clothing such as the face, neck, hands and arms.

The sun-exposed skin produces a pigment called melanin as a natural defense against the sun’s harmful UV – and the body’s natural ageing process then causes cells to generate even more melanin, creating age spots. Genetics also play a role, with some people being genetically predisposed to age spots. Typically, they appear towards our 40s but some skin types can develop age spots and sun spots much earlier.

 

Removing Age Spots

This is one of those cases when prevention is better than cure. So the best way to treat age spots is to prevent them from occurring. It is must easier than you think!

It can be something as simple as making sure to apply ample amounts of sunscreen before heading out into the sun; covering your skin by wearing all white if you’ll be outdoors for an extended period of time; or avoiding the sun altogether if you please.

If you’re opting to go the sunscreen route to prevent age spots, make sure your sunscreen protects against both UVA and UVB rays and has a minimum SPF 15. You should only wear physical, not chemical sunblock to avoid skin issues in the future. Remembering that sun protection doesn’t only shield you from age spots and sun spots but is also a must if you want to keep your skin looking youthful and healthy.

You can remove or fade out age spots in a few effective ways:

 

  • Microdermabrasion (which is not my favorite but moderately effective) – scrubs away the top layer of skin so that it is eventually replaced by new skin. It also improves overall skin quality.
  • Photo Rejuvenation by IPL/Laser (which is by far the fastest and the most effective way but not suitable for everyone), stimulates and shatters the pigmented spot allowing the body to eliminate the unwanted excessive pigment while having little or no effect on other tissues or on normal skin color. The brown spots may become darker within hours of treatment, then flake off over a 7 to 14 day period
  • Chemical peels (great but can be little time consuming) – Many experts say that peels are an ideal choice for the treatment of age spots, particularly for lighter coloured spots. There are many peels that are specifically formulated to help with the reduction of age spots and even out overall skin tone, while leaving the skin hydrated.

 

Best Products for Age Spots

Whether you opt for the procedure or the prescription route, following up with good skin care products will help your skin look its best.

The best products to use for age spots are anti-aging products that are packed with skin brightening ingredients. The best cream for age spots are commonly include Bleaching Agents, Niacinamides, Vitamin A or Vitamin C. They are great option to help brighten skin and fade age spots gradually over the course of a few months

 

  1. SerumWhite Balance Click OXY-R

White Balance® Click Oxy-R is a silky serum containing an innovative ingredient called Oxyresveratrol (Oxy-R). This active ingredient specifically helps minimise the appearance of skin pigmentation; reducing the appearance of uneven skin tone and improving the overall appearance of sun damaged skin. It contains 10 carefully chosen active ingredients in a patent-pending solution to help reduce the appearance of skin pigmentation as well as providing the feeling of immediate hydration. Suitable for sensitive skin, it is free from kojic acid, reinoids and Hydroquinone. It contains a hint of Ylang Ylang for a natural and comforting fragrance.  White Balance® Click Oxy-R contains a patent-pending stabilisation technology, which addresses and helps to inhibit the appearance of melanin-based pigmentation (caused by sun-damage).  The unique Click delivery system, coupled with splitting the formula into 2 x 10ml individual bottles, ensures the Oxy-R active remains fresh and potent for maximum results.

2. CreamDAY/NIGHT –  White Balance Duo

White Balance Day & Night are part of the Medik8 Pigmentation Solution. It is a daily moisturising system combining both brightening and anti-ageing benefits, containing a unique ingredient Oxyresveratrol (Oxy-R) which specifically helps minimise skin pigmentation; reducing the appearance of uneven skin tone and improving the overall appearance of sun-damaged skin. Working in conjunction with White Balance Click, they deliver long lasting and visible lightening benefits to the skin.  The day formula has an ultra-high SPF 50 coupled with a wonderfully light texture; perfect for all skin types. It provides instant brightening benefits thanks to light reflective pigments. Whilst melanin production continues as you sleep, the night formula carries on working, lightening skin colour and creating an even skin tone. Niacinamide helps to reduce dark spots and inflammation while improving the overall appearance of skin. Gluconolactone helps to repair the skin barrier overnight and thereby keeps skin moisturised.

 

3. Treatment – White peel

Superficial, quick and effective way to achieve a brighter and even skin tone, free of age spots and dark spots and hyperpigmentation, is to eliminate skin cells rich in melanin and prevent the darkening of the new skin cells. White Peel has been especially designed to target the skin’s pigment cells to gentle and effectively reduce the appearance of unwanted discoloration. Combines 4 acids to being you powerful results

  • Phytic Acid: an effective depigmenting agent with anti-tyrosinase activity, reducing the melanin content of the skin
  • L-Lactic Acid: an alpha hydroxy acid proven to reduce melanin formation
  • Salicylic Acid: loosens hardened keratinised material while providing gentle exfoliation for the skin
  • L-Mandelic Acid: a mild and effective alpha-hydroxy acid encouraging cellular regeneration. Often compared to glycolic acid for the results it provides without the negative effect: less redness, less downtime

 

Skin Whitening that actually works

Pigmentation Causes

Uneven pigmentation can make your skin look tired, dry and dull and blotchy. 2 main types of pigmentation or skin darkening are

  1. MELASMA. The exact cause is not known although the condition is associated with pregnancy and/or hormonal fluctuations. It often presents with symmetrically appearing patches on face that are dark brown in colour. Melasma (also known as chloasma) is not dangerous but quiet unsightly
  2. HYPER PIGMENTATION. Darkening of random areas is thought to be caused by excess melanin production in the skin. It’s associated with a number of health conditions, medications and allergic reactions. Excessive sun exposure can also lead to hyper pigmentation and will worsen with age
    .

Skin Color

Melanin is the pigment produced by melanocyte cells. Melanin comes in two kinds: pheomelanin (yellow to reddish tone) and eumelanin (brown). It actually absorbs the sun’s damaging ultraviolet light to provide some amount of sun protection.

Melanin production is triggered by the enzyme, tyrosinase. If you cut down tyrosinase activity, pigmentation is controlled (this is where properly compounded topical tyrosinase inhibotors play a large part). If you find darker parts in your body, this means there is more melanin in those areas

 pigmentation

How Skin Lightening Products Work

Skin lightening products — also known as bleaching creams, whiteners, skin brighteners, or fade specially formulated to counteract the activity of tyrosinase. The active skin lightening ingredients play an important role to achieve this, to slow down melanin production and prevent darkening of the skin.

In addition, skin lightening products are exfoliants, that induces mild skin peeling to help resurface a fresher and lighter skin layer .

While some skin whitening solutions have shown effectiveness in lightening the skin and giving it a healthier look, there are those, which are toxic and in addition, have questionable safety profiles. Before you purchase Skin Lightening Products, read the fine print and know the facts.

 

Skin lighteners ingredients

 

The most widely used ingredient in skin lighteners is hydroquinone. Over-the-counter skin lighteners can contain up to 2% hydroquinone (scary thought).

Other skin lighteners use drugs such as steroids and retinoic acid, which comes from vitamin A, as active ingredients.

Some skin lighteners use natural ingredients such as kojic acid — a compound that comes from a fungus — and arbutin, a compound found in various plants

 

Risks of Skin Lighteners

One of the most significant risks of using some skin lighteners is the potential exposure to mercury. One study found that nearly 1 out of every 4 skin lighteners made in Asia contained mercury.

There are other potential risks of skin lighteners. Those risks can include the following:

  • Prolonged use can contribute to premature aging of skin
  • Long-term use may increase the risk of skin cancer from sun exposure. Always use sunscreen when using a skin lightener and going out in the sun
  • Steroids in some skin lighteners may increase risk for skin infections, skin thinning, acne, and poor wound healing
  • Applying steroids to large areas of skin may put you at risk for health problems related to steroid being absorbed by the body
  • Hydroquinone may cause unwanted and untreatable skin discoloration, some reports link it to cancer

 

Best skin whitening product on the market

White Balance Click is the latest formula from the long-term Medik8 anti-pigmentation research program. Medik8 researchers have scoured the literature and identified 7 key ‘routes’ to whitening and the results of this research have been presented at The Royal College of Physicians building in London. Pigmentation is the general scientific term for dark spots, age spots, freckles, blotchiness, sun damage, uneven skin tone and melasma. Applied regularly, this unique brightening serum has been shown to improve the appearance of overall skin tone with an array of several proven ingredients in a very carefully researched formula.

Kojic acid, which is a key ingredient in the formula, is inherently unstable when dissolved in water. Therefore Medik8 scientists use the innovative “click” packaging system to keep the kojic acid in powder form until its ready-to-use, by storing it in a special chamber inside the product lid. After purchase, simply clicks the lids to release the powder and activate the product by shaking. In addition, the formula contains a patent-pending stabilising complex to keep the dissolved kojic acid stable for 30 days, even after the click. With kojic acid now limited to 1% in cosmetics, this clever formula means maximum ‘bang-for-your-buck’.

Medik8 Whitening Cream is designed to minimise and reduce the appearance of

  • Age spots/Liver Spots/ Sun Spots
  • Freckles
  • Sun Damage/ Tans
  • Melasma/Chloasma
  • Acne Marks
  • Old Scars
  • Discolorations
  • Birth Marks
  • Dark Elbows, Knees, Knuckles
  • Dark Underarms
  • Other Pigmentation
  • General Skin Brightening

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