SKIN Conditions Defined
Skin imperfections can be anything from: Thread Veins, Red Veins, Broken Capillaries, Skin Tags, Milia, Rosacea, Broken Capillaries, Freckles etc.
The first step you can take to improve your skin texture is to understand your condition and identify the culprits behind less-than-perfect skin.
Here are the most common skin imperfections in alphabetical order.
Blemishes on the skin associated with ageing and exposure to UV light. They are located in areas most often exposed to the sun, particularly the hands, face, shoulders, arms and forehead. They range in colour from light brown to red to black.
Broken Capillaries / Thread Veins / Red Veins
These are conditions that are most commonly found on the face (particularly around the nose) and legs. They can be caused by many factors, including ageing, pregnancy, harsh weather and smoking.
The accumulation of fat that presses against the connective tissues underneath a person’s skin, causing a bumpy or ‘cottage cheese-like’ effect. Genetics, hormones and/or diet often serve as the root of the problem.
Hypo-pigmentation is the partial loss of skin colour, hypopigmented skin is abnormally light when compared to the surrounding skin and occurs when the skin produces too little melanin. The most common causes are after an injury to the skin or by regular intake of particular medications.
Characterised by dark, irregular patches commonly found on the upper cheeks, nose, lips, upper lip and forehead which often develop over time. Particularly common in women especially pregnant women and those taking oral or patch contraceptives or HRT medications. This exact cause is not known but is linked to hormonal changes rather than sun damage
An inflammatory response where the skin becomes flushed and vasodilated very easily. The symptoms begin with flushing and redness on the central face and across the cheeks, nose or forehead, but can also affect the neck, chest, ears and scalp.
Conditions that cause the skin to appear blotchy and lighter (hypopigmentation) or darker (hyperpigmentation) than normal due to an imbalance in melanin, the pigment that determines hair, skin and eye color. Skin pigmentation disorders are caused by varying factors, including sun exposure, allergic reactions and genetic inheritance.
Skin Tags and Milia
Skin tags are very common and normally found around the bust, neck or areas of friction such as the underarm. They are harmless but can be both unsightly and irritating.
Milia are very small, white, cysts which lie superficially under the surface of the skin, commonly around the eye area.
A form of scarring that occurs on the skin and has a white or reddish tint. When the dermis tears due to loss of elasticity and collagen, such scars can appear. Stretch marks also occur when the skin is stretched at a rapid pace (i.e. puberty, weight gain or pregnancy).
Often the price we pay for tanning, sun damage occurs when the skin is overly exposed to the sun’s intense ultraviolet (UV) rays. While some effects are immediately visible (i.e. sunburns and suntans), others appear over time in the form of unsightly wrinkles and liver spots. Excessive and repeated sun exposure can permanently damage skin cell DNA, resulting in skin cancer.
What can you do to improve your skin complexion?
Keeping skin perfectly blemish-free is almost impossible. However, with an effective daily cleansing routine and a thorough understanding of how imperfections can be prevented and reduced, you’ll be on your way towards achieving clearer, more beautiful skin.
Contrary to popular belief, skin imperfections are not caused by eating greasy foods, limited to teenagers, or cured overnight. Regardless of whether you are prone to imperfections or not, there are simple ways to help control and prevent them.
Stress, lack of sleep, dehydration, and hormonal changes can all have an impact on your skin. To keep imperfections at bay, lead a healthy lifestyle and incorporate good skincare products into your regime. Look for anti-bacterial products that also exfoliate the skin surface to help purify and unclog pores.