Tag Archives: Salicylic acid

How to remove age spots effectively

Age spots are also known as brown spots or liver spots. They typically appear on areas most exposed to sun:

  • back of the hands
  • face
  • neck
  • decolatage
  • legs
  • back
  • shoulders

When we’re young we don’t even think they’ll appear on our skin (and even if they do – it’s so far in the future that you’ll deal with it when it happens). Unfortunately, age spots can sneak up on you before you know it.

Although unsightly, age spots are not harmful to your health in any way.

However, considering the importance of clear, unblemished skin to your overall image and self confidence, it is worthwhile making an effort to prevent and remove age spots if they do appear. Age spots can range in size from anything from a small freckle to much bigger in size, but they often group together making them appear larger

 

What causes age spots?

The main cause for age spots is sun exposure, which is why they usually appear on areas not usually covered by clothing such as the face, neck, hands and arms.

The sun-exposed skin produces a pigment called melanin as a natural defense against the sun’s harmful UV – and the body’s natural ageing process then causes cells to generate even more melanin, creating age spots. Genetics also play a role, with some people being genetically predisposed to age spots. Typically, they appear towards our 40s but some skin types can develop age spots and sun spots much earlier.

 

Removing Age Spots

This is one of those cases when prevention is better than cure. So the best way to treat age spots is to prevent them from occurring. It is must easier than you think!

It can be something as simple as making sure to apply ample amounts of sunscreen before heading out into the sun; covering your skin by wearing all white if you’ll be outdoors for an extended period of time; or avoiding the sun altogether if you please.

If you’re opting to go the sunscreen route to prevent age spots, make sure your sunscreen protects against both UVA and UVB rays and has a minimum SPF 15. You should only wear physical, not chemical sunblock to avoid skin issues in the future. Remembering that sun protection doesn’t only shield you from age spots and sun spots but is also a must if you want to keep your skin looking youthful and healthy.

You can remove or fade out age spots in a few effective ways:

 

  • Microdermabrasion (which is not my favorite but moderately effective) – scrubs away the top layer of skin so that it is eventually replaced by new skin. It also improves overall skin quality.
  • Photo Rejuvenation by IPL/Laser (which is by far the fastest and the most effective way but not suitable for everyone), stimulates and shatters the pigmented spot allowing the body to eliminate the unwanted excessive pigment while having little or no effect on other tissues or on normal skin color. The brown spots may become darker within hours of treatment, then flake off over a 7 to 14 day period
  • Chemical peels (great but can be little time consuming) – Many experts say that peels are an ideal choice for the treatment of age spots, particularly for lighter coloured spots. There are many peels that are specifically formulated to help with the reduction of age spots and even out overall skin tone, while leaving the skin hydrated.

 

Best Products for Age Spots

Whether you opt for the procedure or the prescription route, following up with good skin care products will help your skin look its best.

The best products to use for age spots are anti-aging products that are packed with skin brightening ingredients. The best cream for age spots are commonly include Bleaching Agents, Niacinamides, Vitamin A or Vitamin C. They are great option to help brighten skin and fade age spots gradually over the course of a few months

 

  1. SerumWhite Balance Click OXY-R

White Balance® Click Oxy-R is a silky serum containing an innovative ingredient called Oxyresveratrol (Oxy-R). This active ingredient specifically helps minimise the appearance of skin pigmentation; reducing the appearance of uneven skin tone and improving the overall appearance of sun damaged skin. It contains 10 carefully chosen active ingredients in a patent-pending solution to help reduce the appearance of skin pigmentation as well as providing the feeling of immediate hydration. Suitable for sensitive skin, it is free from kojic acid, reinoids and Hydroquinone. It contains a hint of Ylang Ylang for a natural and comforting fragrance.  White Balance® Click Oxy-R contains a patent-pending stabilisation technology, which addresses and helps to inhibit the appearance of melanin-based pigmentation (caused by sun-damage).  The unique Click delivery system, coupled with splitting the formula into 2 x 10ml individual bottles, ensures the Oxy-R active remains fresh and potent for maximum results.

2. CreamDAY/NIGHT –  White Balance Duo

White Balance Day & Night are part of the Medik8 Pigmentation Solution. It is a daily moisturising system combining both brightening and anti-ageing benefits, containing a unique ingredient Oxyresveratrol (Oxy-R) which specifically helps minimise skin pigmentation; reducing the appearance of uneven skin tone and improving the overall appearance of sun-damaged skin. Working in conjunction with White Balance Click, they deliver long lasting and visible lightening benefits to the skin.  The day formula has an ultra-high SPF 50 coupled with a wonderfully light texture; perfect for all skin types. It provides instant brightening benefits thanks to light reflective pigments. Whilst melanin production continues as you sleep, the night formula carries on working, lightening skin colour and creating an even skin tone. Niacinamide helps to reduce dark spots and inflammation while improving the overall appearance of skin. Gluconolactone helps to repair the skin barrier overnight and thereby keeps skin moisturised.

 

3. Treatment – White peel

Superficial, quick and effective way to achieve a brighter and even skin tone, free of age spots and dark spots and hyperpigmentation, is to eliminate skin cells rich in melanin and prevent the darkening of the new skin cells. White Peel has been especially designed to target the skin’s pigment cells to gentle and effectively reduce the appearance of unwanted discoloration. Combines 4 acids to being you powerful results

  • Phytic Acid: an effective depigmenting agent with anti-tyrosinase activity, reducing the melanin content of the skin
  • L-Lactic Acid: an alpha hydroxy acid proven to reduce melanin formation
  • Salicylic Acid: loosens hardened keratinised material while providing gentle exfoliation for the skin
  • L-Mandelic Acid: a mild and effective alpha-hydroxy acid encouraging cellular regeneration. Often compared to glycolic acid for the results it provides without the negative effect: less redness, less downtime

 

Rosacea and skin redness

Facts about the condition:

  • Skin redness, which can also be Rosacea, is one of the most annoying skin problems, effecting more than 45 million people worldwide
  • Although redness can develop in people of any skin color, it generally occurs most frequently and is most apparent in people with fair skin
  • It typically starts after 30 years of age, is more common in women (particularly during menopause) but more severe in men
  • Left untreated, it can even cause deformities
  • Uneven skin redness usually appears on the face (forehead/nose/cheeks/chin) and usually begins with a tendency to flush and blush. This can progress to permanent redness and increased skin sensitivity
  • Redness can sometimes progresses to chest area

Main causes include:

  • Sun damage
  • Over sensitising skin
  • Hormonal or hereditary nature
  • Stress
  • Incorrectly prescribed or used skin care/ makeup or sensitivity to some of the ingredients in the products

 

Skin needs:

A combination of treatments and skincare that is suited to an individual’s pattern of skin redness. Focusing mainly on reducing inflammation, regulating blood vessel proliferation and trying to reduce trigger factors.

 

Dermal factors for skin redness include:

  • Salicylic Acid (Beta Hydroxy acid). Rosacea can often display skin bumps formed by a build up of keratin around the hair follicle. Salicylic acid has a keratolytic action, which functions by softening the build-up of dead skin (keratin). Salicylic acid clears the pores, helps with inflammation and increases the cellular turnover, making it a very useful treatment for skin conditions like rosacea, especially when there is an acne component
  • Vitamin A (retinol):  improving barrier function, reducing epidermal thickening, regulating exfoliation and helping control excess oil and acne eruptions. Vitamin A can improve erythema (redness) and is also known to improve the appearance of telangiectasia.
  • Niacinamide – Topical Vitamin B (niacinamide) can greatly diminish the blushing and flushing commonly associated with rosacea and skin redness. Topical niacinamide can improve the barrier function of the skin and decrease the redness associated with rosacea flare ups.
  • Vitamin K— decreases the pooling of blood under the skin commonly associated with telangiectasia, aka spider veins
  • Vitamin C— has been shown to strengthen the capillary walls, thereby decreasing the chances of further damage

 

 

Home Care

We recommend a separate routine for morning and evening, simply because your skin’s needs differ from day to night.

 

During the day, you want to focus on giving your skin protection from the sun and environmental abuse, whilst providing lightweight hydration under makeup

  1. Cleanse: MEDIK8 RedAlert Cleanse – contains Teprenone, Vitamin K1 and calming organic orange oil to soothe the skin, and cleanse deep within the pores removing impurities and make-up.
  2. Prevent: MEDIK8 Firewall – neutralizes a broad spectrum of free-radicals , and acts in unison with sunscreen to protect collagen and elastin, while supporting new collagen production. Also helps to prevent future sun damage
  3. Correct: MEDIK8 Redness Corrector – advanced neutralising cream formulated as a complete ‘anti-redness’ product with 6 targeted actions to instantly reduce redness, treat inflammation and prevent the appearance of future breakouts. Reduces the burning sensation and skin discomfort associated with redness, and prevents future reactions by reducing skin reactivity. The moisturizing and protecting formula also provides instant coverage as mineral green pigments counterbalance the red discolouration.
  4. Hydrate: MEDIK8 Hydr8B5 – this lightweight and easily-absorbed hydrating gel delivers skin-softening Pantotheic Acid (vitamin B5) and moisture-enhancing Hyaluronic Acid to produce rapid and significant improvements in the general condition and feel of the skin.
  5. SPF: O’COSMEDICS Mineral Pro – provides true broad spectrum protection, preventing skin damage as well as assisting skin healing and reducing inflammation
  6. Coverup/Camouflage:  Lycogel  / Oxygenetics – calm and soothe the skin whilst providing effective cover up

 

In the evening, your skin is at rest and in its “repair” mode, trying to heal the environmental damage that occurred during the day. You want to focus on calming, healing, removing surface dry skin cells and absorption of performance products.

  1. Cleanse: SIRCUIT X Trap – non-drying, mild cleansing agents restore balance, elasticity, and tone. Formulated with Organic Shea Butter to soften and smooth the skin and L-Alpha Bisabolol to calm, soothe, and help heal
  2. Heal: COSMEDIX Define – fortified with gentle, non-irritating acids and 2% AGP Complex, this resurfacing treatment stimulates collagen and elastin production for a dynamic yet well-tolerated level of skin remodeling.
  3. Correct: SKEYNDOR SOS Anti Redness – enriched with plant extracts helping to improve the appearance of rosacea and persistent redness, and provides freshness and immediate relief to the feeling of tightness and redness in sensitive skins.
  4. Hydrate: MEDIK8 Hydr8 Night – acked with superior anti-aging actives such as Resveratrol for cell longevity, and Beta-Glucan for skin texture renewal, Hyrd8 Night will help reverse the signs of skin aging and restore a healthy, radiant complexion.

 

Treatment Plan

Light based treatments such as Intense Pulsed Light (IPL ) are effective in treating the capillary blood vessels (telangiectasia) as well as reducing the appearance of redness in the skin. While there is no cure for rosacea, effective treatment options do exist and can be tailored to the symptoms and severity. It is important to recognize and avoid trigger factors

 

Q&A

What ingredients in skin care has to be avoided and what to look for?

When selecting a skin care product, pay close attention to the ingredients and avoid chemicals such as sodium lauryl sulfate, which can strip the epidermis of its natural oils. Inflamed skin calls for a gentle formula with a natural moisturizing factor, such as that which is found in chirally correct L-lactic acid, to effectively restore epidermal regularity. Similarly, toners and serums that contain hydrating ingredients like aloe vera and vitamin E will calm, soothe and support the skin, as well as mildly exfoliate dead skin cells.

In surveys conducted by the National Rosacea Society, many patients cited the following ingredients as triggers for irritation: alcohol (66 percent), witch hazel (30 percent), fragrance (30 percent), menthol (21 percent), peppermint (14 percent) and eucalyptus oil (13 percent). Most respondents said they avoided astringents, exfoliating agents and other types of products that may be too harsh for sensitive skin.

 

What are different types of rosacea?

There are 4 subtypes recognized by the US National Rosacea Society

1.       ERYTHEMATOTELANGIECTATIC ROSACEA: this type of rosacea is characterized by stinging and facial redness on the nose and cheeks. It may or may not be seen along with broken capillaries. These symptoms come and go depending on the individual’s trigger factors. Roughness, facial swelling and a grainy skin texture may also accompany the other symptoms

2.       PAPULOPUSTULAR ROSACEA: This type of rosacea resembles acne although it differs because there are no clogged pores or comedones on the skin. Larger than normal pimples occur mainly on the upper cheeks and nose along with intense redness. Stinging, burning and a dehydrated surface appearance may also occur

3.       PHYMATOUS ROSACEA: This type of rosacea shows up as thickened skin and enlargement of the nose (Rhinophyma) and other parts of the face. This type of rosacea is more often seen in men, although rosacea in general is found most often in women

4.       OCULAR ROSACEA: This type of rosacea occurs on the eyelids and in the eye resulting in swollen eyelids, lumps and cysts in the lids, bloodshot eyes and vision difficulty

Do you have skin care products to help me with acne and keep it under control?

Acne is one of the most common skin-care problems for people around the world. Many of us have gone to great lengths to banish every blemish, only to see them return again. You feel like you’ve tried everything, but no matter what you do, acne keeps coming back.

acne skin care products

What You Shouldn’t Do when you have acne!

Here are things that anyone struggling with acne should avoid:

  • Don’t use harsh or irritating skin-care products. Treating acne-prone skin gently is the best way to go.
  • Don’t wash your face with bar soaps or bar cleansers of any kind. Soap is drying, and the ingredients that hold bar soaps in their bar form clog pores. If you prefer using bar cleansers to clean your skin, we recommend a specifically formulated ‘Acne Bar‘ by A Natural Difference Clinical Skincare.
  • Don’t pick at blemishes! You can “pop” a pimple, but how you do it makes all the difference between healing and scarring.
  • Don’t use extreme heat or cold to clean your face or treat a blemish. Hot compresses or ice cubes are not the way to treat acne or to encourage healing; they cause inflammation, which will aggravate your acne. Pores do not open and close with hot or cold water.
  • Don’t apply thick, waxy hair-styling products or hairspray, especially if your hair usually touches your forehead. The ingredients in these products can clog pores if they get on your skin.
  • Don’t leave your make up on overnight. By leaving make up on you will clog your pores and create blemishes you are trying to conceal during the day-be sure to thoroughly cleanse your skin twice in the evening, and again in the morning.

 

What You Can Do to fight acne!

Experimenting with what works is an important way to create an anti-acne routine that works for you. A gentle, non-irritating skin-care routine is vital to get your acne under control;

  1. Gentle cleansing is a vital first step. A mild, water-soluble cleanser helps reduce oily skin and acne without making your skin feel dry and tight. We recommend Benefit Clean by Cosmedix.
  2. Exfoliate. Products that contain Salicylic acid, also known as beta hydroxy acid (BHA), can help kill the bacteria that causes acne. It is an amazing multifunctional ingredient that treats acne in several ways. It not only has potent anti-inflammatory properties, but also exfoliates to remove built-up dead skin cells on the surface of the skin as well as inside the pore. Salicylic acid also has antibacterial properties. For salicylic acid formulas to be effective, the concentration must be at least 0.5%, although 1% to 2% is far more effective; plus, the formula’s pH is a critical factor, with a pH of 3 to 4 being optimal. In addition, the product must not contain any irritating ingredients, because such ingredients cause inflammation, which you must avoid as much as possible. Fortunately, well-formulated salicylic acid products do exist. We recommend Pore Cleanse Gel by Medik8.
  3. Serums; Retinol, a vitamin A derivative can play a significant role in an acne treatment routine. They change the way skin cells are formed in the layers of skin as well as in the pore, improving how skin cells shed. This will unclog pores, thereby significantly reducing inflammatory lesions.

 

Caution for Acne sufferers:

  • Oral antibiotics can be extremely effective in controlling acne, but as effective as they are, they also pose serious risks that you must consider. Because oral antibiotics kill the good bacteria in the body along with the bad bacteria, ongoing use can result in chronic infections as well as stomach problems.
  • Birth control pills (some types) have been shown to reduce acne lesions and oil production, in part by decreasing androgens (male hormones), which are largely responsible for causing blemishes. Keep in mind that there are risks associated with taking any type of birth control pill (especially if you smoke)

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