The sebaceous glands — oil-producing glands that naturally lubricate the skin – maintain a healthy level of sebum, or natural oil. This serves to keep the skin properly hydrated by preventing excessive water loss or absorption. Marked by a supple feel and moist (but not greasy) appearance, normal skin gains little, if anything, from added moisture.
Moisturiser can play an invaluable role in restoring epidermal equilibrium. By aiding a return to normal sebaceous activity, it can help restore past damage, soothe inflammation and encourage healthy hydration in budding, new skin cells. Used alone or as part of a skin care regimen, moisturisers do little more than mask a symptom of a much bigger problem.
That bigger problem could be the result of any number of things. From poor dietary and lifestyle choices to hormonal imbalance and UV over-exposure, skin conditions arise in different people for different reasons. Dry skin arises from distress or damage to the skin’s lipid barrier—a permeable outer layer of fatty substances that shields skin cells from harmful elements, whilst allowing moisture and nutrients in. Combined with a decrease in sebum production, this structural deterioration exposes skin cells to external threats and contributes to what is known as trans-epidermal water loss (TEWL). As cells become dehydrated, the skin visibly starts to suffer. While a moisturizer may offer temporary relief, until the source of the cell disruption is isolated and corrected, dry skin will continue to be a problem.
- Cosmedix: Emulsion – a soothing blend of jojoba oil and shea butter in a unique liquid crystal formula
- Medik8 Hydr8 360 – a rich nourishing daily moisturiser formulated with a raft of active ingredients to restore moisture to dry and mature skin
- Skeyndor Deep Moisturising Cream FII – contains ceramides which act by correctly directing the various protective lipid layers to defend against the inlet of substances alien to the body
Oily skin occurs when sebaceous glands are prompted to produce more sebum than normal, causing the skin to appear shiny or greasy. Although nearly opposite in appearance, oily and dry skin often arise from many of the same core causes. In fact, most oily conditions are really issues of dehydration in which the skin counteracts with an increase in sebum production.
While intuition may suggest a needed decrease in hydration—a notion echoed in the wealth of “lightweight” moisturizers marketed specifically to oily skin—this thinking often does more harm than good to the skin. Combined with daily degreasing efforts and harsh topical agents that strip away the skin’s lipid barrier, weak moisturizers are merely an attempt to control the symptoms of a condition through chemistry and do not target their source.
- Cosmedix Mystic – a refreshing, oil-free moisture spray that won’t clog pores
- Medik8 Hydr8 B5 – contains skin softening Vitamin B5 and moisture enhancing Hyaluronic Acid to quench your skin and provide 24hours of non-stop hydration
- Skeyndor Anti-Grease Lotion with Alpha Hydroxy Acids – contains natural alpha-hydroxy acids that increase the skin’s hydration and radiance
Whether caused by nutritional deficiencies, stress or skin injury, reactive skin responds adversely to even minor topical irritants with redness, inflammation, hives and/or breakouts.
- Cosmedix Rescue – all-natural balm that soothes irritated, inflamed and post-procedure skin
- Medik8 Redness Corrector – instantly reduces visible redness and minimise the appearance of future breakouts, and includes soothing extracts with concealing green mineral pigments to provide immediate relief for those prone to facial redness
- Skeyndor SOS Anti Redness – rich in plant extracts to regulate and improve the appearance of red lines and persistent redness, whilst assisting in restoring the barrier function to protect skin against damaging environmental effects.
It is important to consult with a skin care professional to determine the source of the condition and create a treatment strategy customized for your skin
Moisturizers generally work in two ways. Many prevent water loss by coating the skin with an oil-based substance to trap moisture in—essentially replicating what a healthy sebum balance already does. Common among store-bought brands, staple ingredients include petroleum, mineral oil and lanolin. While somewhat effective, such products run the risk of clogged pores and contact irritation due to their oil content. Other products attract moisture to the skin using hydrophilic (water-friendly) substances like glycerin, lactic acid and certain vitamins. In addition to replacing moisture already lost, products containing these ingredients are enjoyed by more skin types for their non-greasy, non-irritating properties.